how many species of turtles are there

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Despite turtles’ broad distribution, there are not and never seem to have been a great many species of turtles at any time over the course of their long evolutionary history. Hawksbill turtles live in tropical and subtropical waters in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. The seventh species, the flatback, lives only in Australia. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, The Seven Species Of Sea Turtles Living In The Oceans Of Our Planet. Hawksbill turtles feed on sponges and have an amazing ability to digest the needle-like skeleton of these animals. They are found in large numbers in the waters of Indonesia, the Galápagos Islands, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, East Africa, Gulf of California and the reefs of the Caribbean. This is not an exhaustive list as there are several subspecies of turtles found in the United States. There are many different types of tortoises suited to life as domestic pets. Size: 3-5 feet long and weighs 200-500 lbs. Experts suggest only 1 in 1,000 hatchlings will survive to adulthood. Like the Kemp’s ridley, they are small and weigh less than 100 pounds. All seven species of sea turtles are listed under the Endangered Species Act. The painted turtle is the most widespread turtle in North America. The green sea turtle was listed in the United States under the Endangered Species Act as endangered in 1978. Hawksbill turtles were named for the shape of their beak, which looks similar to the beak of a raptor. Their skin is dark and is covered with white or pink spots. Turtles are reptiles with a hard cartilage shell that acts as a shield. 7 types of sea turtles | sea turtle species | facts about the turtle and where do turtles live.Not all sea turtles out there are the same! Greek Tortoise (Testudo graeca) dynamosquito from France [CC BY-SA 2.0] Alien species are species that are not native to an area, but they still live there. Flatback. A total of seven species of sea turtles and about 257 species of freshwater turtles and tortoises have been described. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Nearly all species of marine turtles are endangered, as well as many of their freshwater brethren like the Yangtze turtle. Only five species live in Europe, according to Drs. Status: Endangered. The smallest species of turtle is the speckled Cape tortoise that grows to 3.1 inches and weighs 5 ounces. Scutes may contain a beautiful pigmentation that looks like a sun's rays. The Sea Turtle. But there are some difference you might want to consider in caring for your pet. There are several different types of box turtles around the world, but only a few are commonly kept as pets. The leatherback looks very different from the other species and is the only sea turtle species in its own family, Dermochelyidae. WWFs work on sea turtles focuses on five of those species: green, hawksbill, loggerhead, leatherback and olive ridley. There are 7 species of sea turtles throughout the entire world. Scientific Name: Chelonia mydas. The green sea turtle is another … The leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) is the largest sea turtle. There are four species of box turtles, all of which sport the characteristic domed shell. The distinction between these two suborders is based on the mode in which they cover their head and neck. Pet Tortoise Species. On the whole, these shy creatures can become great lifelong friends, (depending on the age span of the breed, of course) and are docile and gentle companions. Most turtle species are found in southeastern North America and South Asia. Turtles of North America This is a field guide of the turtles found in the United States. Those species … Each different type and turtle species has its own unique requirements for shelter, food, water source, and even levels of heat and humidity. Incubation is characteristically long in most species, the average incubation period are between 100 and 160.0 days. There is no exact estimate of the average size of a turtle considering that there are more than 360 different species. Alien species are species that are not native to an area, but they still live there. At 30 inches long and weighing up to 100 pounds, the Kemp’s ridley (Lepidochelys kempii) is the smallest sea turtle. The Leatherback Turtle. With an estimated 318 species, their diversity gives them a wide geographic range, inhabiting every global region—including Arctic waters—except the tundra of Antarctica. There are 7 recognized species of sea turtles, most of which can be found in the United States. There are many different types and varieties of turtles, classified in twelve biological families. Those species … The turtle species that I listed above are known as native species, but there can be other turtle species that live in that area that are not native, those species are called alien species. There are no turtles in the picture because they are all tortoises. The reason why turtles need to split into so many species is that, compared to other animals there are very few species of turtles that can adapt to a lot of different environments. Loggerhead turtles can be 3.5 feet long and weigh up to 400 pounds. With so many options, choosing a pet turtle can be overwhelming. It’s not really necessary to know which species of box turtle you have. Jennifer Kennedy, M.S., is an environmental educator specializing in marine life. Turtles are classified as members of kingdom Animalia, phylum Chordata, class Reptilia, and order Testudines. Like Kemp's ridley turtles, during nesting, olive ridley females come to shore in colonies of up to a thousand turtles, with mass nesting aggregations called arribadas. Green turtles are an endangered species around the world, but they still nest in increasing numbers on the east coast of Florida. There is some debate on the number of sea turtle species, although seven have traditionally been recognized. It is nearly impossible to estimate the exact number of sea turtles because of the limited time they spend on land, but the six species found in the American coast are all endangered. There is a good reason for the bizarre appearance of the mata mata turtle: hidden in the mud under water, the up to 53-centimeter-long animals look like algae-covered rocks. Olive Ridley. There exist more than 300 different species of turtles in the world, with the largest being the leatherback sea turtle – with an average shell length of 6.6 ft and weight of 2,000 lb, and the smallest being the speckled padloper tortoise – with an average length of 3.1 … Loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) are a reddish-brown turtle with a very large head. Threats to marine turtles include marine debris, fishing gear, habitat destruction, climate change, and poaching of eggs, hatchlings, and adults. There are many different types and varieties of turtles, classified in twelve biological families. Green turtles live in tropical and subtropical waters around the world. Of all of the types of turtle, this turtle is the largest of them all. They spend the day foraging for food and retreat to the nest after sunset to escape the nocturnal predators. Six of the species are classified in the Family Cheloniidae. The leatherback, loggerhead and olive ridley turtle are each liste… How do I know how many species of sea turtles are there? They are found only in the coastal waters of Australia. The leatherback is a sea turtle and is the only species of turtle that does not have a hard shell. There are fourteen extant families of the order Testudines, an order of reptile commonly known as turtles, tortoises and terrapins.The testudines are some of the most ancient reptiles alive, with only the tuataras considered more primitive. Their carapace can include shades of black, gray, green, brown, or yellow. The leatherback is the largest sea; it can measure 4.5 to 5.25 feet and weigh anything between 600 to 1,500 lbs. At the moment there are 318 known turtle species, over the course of time there were probably more than this but not all of them managed to survive. There exist more than 300 different species of turtles in the world, with the largest being the leatherback sea turtle – with an average shell length of 6.6 ft and weight of 2,000 lb, and the smallest being the speckled padloper tortoise – … Status: Endangered. Leatherbacks are deep divers with the ability to dive to over 3,000 feet. Scientific Name: Chelonia mydas. Turtles are classified as members of kingdom Animalia, phylum Chordata, class Reptilia, and order Testudines. They are found in tropical regions around the world. Sea turtles are charismatic animals that have been around for millions of years. They eat mostly invertebrates such as crabs, shrimp, rock lobsters, jellyfish, and tunicates, although some primarily eat algae. This family of turtle is rather large and can be found in most subtropical and tropical … At the touch of a button, you can find out how many species of sea turtles are there. A Galápagos tortoise in the San Diego Zoo grew to 6 feet and weighed 573 pounds. They are the most common turtle that nests in Florida. Loggerheads live in temperate and tropical waters throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. Kemp's ridleys are most often found in habitats with sandy or muddy bottoms, where it is easy to find prey. Turtles are neither social nor territorial. She serves as the executive director of the Blue Ocean Society for Marine Conservation. Seven different species of sea (or marine) turtles grace our ocean waters, from the shallow seagrass beds of the Indian Ocean, to the colorful reefs of the Coral Triangle, and even the sandy beaches of the Eastern Pacific. They feed on crabs, mollusks, and jellyfish. It grows to about 3.6 feet and weighs about 309 pounds. A sea turtle swimming. Five of the seven are found in Florida: Green, Loggerhead, Leatherback, Hawksbill, and Kemp’s Ridley. First appearing on the planet 245 million years ago, the turtles of today have not changed much from the turtles of the past. Turtles generally can be divided between tortoises (the land variety) and marine turtles, which spend most of their time in water, though there are overlaps. All turtles have shells that they cannot remove. The black sea turtle may also be considered a subspecies of the green turtle. They typically do not mind the presence of other turtles in their vicinity. But when a … There is some debate over green turtle classification. The Largest and the Smallest Turtle. This turtle is darker in color and has a smaller head than the green turtle. They can be found … In Australia, all six species of marine turtles that occur in our waters are protected under the Australian Government's Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBCAct) and various State and Northern Territory legislation. Green Turtle. These occur on the coasts of Central America and India. Green Sea Turtle. Many obstacles, including man-made ones, threaten their existence today. See photos and learn about these charismatic animals. Seven species of sea turtles can be found in every ocean around the world. There are 7 species of sea turtles throughout the entire world. Turtle Species Guide With Caresheets Below you will find a few of the many different types of Turtle Species. A sea turtle swimming. But when a … Here are some examples of different types of turtles and where they can be found: 1. There are approximately 300 extant species and 97 genera of testudines, split into two suborders: the Cryptodirans and the Pleurodirans. There are seven species of sea turtles, including the green, leatherback, loggerhead, hawksbill, Kemp's ridley, olive ridley and flatback sea turtles. Adult green turtles are the only herbivorous sea turtles. They feed on jellyfish, salps, crustaceans, squid, and urchins. Learn About the 7 Species of Sea Turtles Green Sea Turtle. Hawksbill. Green Turtles. Their shell consists of a single piece with five ridges, which is distinctive from other turtles who have plated shells. What is the Difference Between the Vatican City and the Holy See. There is a good reason for the bizarre appearance of the mata mata turtle: hidden in the mud under water, the up to 53-centimeter-long animals look like algae-covered rocks. This species is named after Richard Kemp, the fisherman who first described them in 1906. The alligator snapping turtle is the largest freshwater turtle. Out of the seven species of sea turtles in the world, 4 species come to nest on beaches in Malaysia. Foster and Smith, a veterinarian business based in Wisconsin. They feed on crabs, shrimp, rock lobsters, jellyfish, salps, crustaceans, squid, and.... Have been around for millions of years tropical waters throughout the Atlantic, Pacific and. Million years ago, the flatback, lives only in the family Cheloniidae:... 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