Greeks of the classical period believed, and historians generally agree, that in the aftermath of the fall of Mycenaean civilization, many Greek tribes emigrated and settled in Asia Minor. The naval ships clashed at Artemisium the same day as the battle of Thermopylae. Once Sparta Nonetheless, relations between Athens and Sparta were soured by the situation. This war was a result of occupation of Kuwait by Iraq. The Battle of Marathon. The Persian Wars began in 499 BCE, when Greeks in the Persian-controlled territory rose in the Ionian Revolt. Darius had died in 485 B.C. The invasion, consisting of two distinct campaigns, was ordered by the Persian king Darius the Great primarily in order to punish the city-states of Athens and Eretria. The Persian Empire started as a collection of semi-nomadic tribes who raised sheep, goats and cattle on the Iranian plateau.Cyrus the Great—the leader of one such tribe—began to defeat nearby kingdoms, including Media, Lydia and Babylon, joining them under one rule. The battle of Salamis resulted from the Persians winning at Thermopylae. The underlying cause of the war was the rapid rise of the Athenians. - Robert Morkot, The Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Greece (New York: Penguin Group, 1996). Athens, and other Greek cities, sent aid, but were quickly forced to back down after defeat in 494 BCE. After the second Persian invasion of Greece was halted, Sparta withdrew from the Delian League and reformed the Peloponnesian League with its original allies. Their strategy was largely successful, and there was no open conflict between the Greeks and Persia until 396 BCE, when the Spartan king Agesilaus briefly invaded Asia Minor. Thasos, another League member, also defected when, in 465 BCE, Athens founded the colony of Amphipolis on the Strymon River, which threatened Thasos’ interests in the mines of Mt Pangaion. In the town of Plataea, where the Greeks won, a military leader of Persia, Mardonius, died. For the Greeks, the Persian Wars engendered a consciousness of Greek unity, but the reality was short-lived, and a mere twenty years later the Greek world was torn apart by the Peloponnesian War. Who were the Persians? before he could lauch another assault on Greece , so it was his son Xerxes that set out to complete his fathers ambition of conquering Greece. They controlled land that stretched from Egypt all the way to India. It also demonstrated the superiority of the more heavily armed Greek hoplites. but the Persians lost. Their strategy was to keep the Greeks distracted with in-fighting, so as to stop the tide of counterattacks reaching the Persian Empire. The Persians condemned the Greeks as invaidng terroists, and wanted to conquer Greece more than ever. After being delayed by Leonidas I, the Spartan king of the Agiad Dynasty, at the Battle of Thermopylae (a battle made famous due to the sheer imbalance of forces, with 300 Spartans facing the entire Persian Army), Xerxes advanced into Attica, where he captured and burned Athens. After the failure of the first Persian invasion, Darius raised a large army with the intent of invading Greece again. Subsequently, the Persians suffered many defeats at the hands of the Greeks, led by the Athenians. In 490 BCE, approximately 100,000 Persians landed in Attica intending to conquer Athens, but were defeated at the Battle of Marathon by a Greek army of 9,000 Athenian hoplites and 1,000 Plateans, led by the Athenian general, Miltiades. The Persian wars against Greece were caused because the Darius, the Persian king, wanted to expand their empire. While many know of the war itself and the outcome of the war, it seems the actual causes of the Gulf War are lost on many. When Persia first invaded Greece under Darius, they created destruction through many towns, including Naxos and Eretria. But the Athenians had evacuated the city by sea, and under the command of Themistocles, defeated the Persian fleet at the Battle of Salamis. These settlers were from three tribal groups: the Aeolians, Dorians, and Ionians. But the major players were the US, Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom and Egypt. CC licensed content, Specific attribution, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_Greece%23The_Persian_Wars, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achaemenid_Empire, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greco-Persian_Wars, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delian_League, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Greek-Persian_duel.jpg, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:AchaemenidMapBehistunInscription.png, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peloponnesian_League, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greco-Persian_Wars, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Map_athenian_empire_431_BC-en.svg.
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